Twenty years of observing new farmers has taught me that you are an enthusiastic, passionate, ambitious lot. This is a good thing because farming, especially in the early years, will take a toll — not just your body but your brain and sometimes your commitment as well. It takes a lot to get a successful farm business launched and when the results are not quite what you hoped, it can be a major blow to your dreams.
In sorting the successful start-ups from the challenging ones there are some lessons to be learned. They are not easy lessons but for your consideration:
- Avoid the tendency to over-diversify your production. Especially in the early years when you need to focus on product quality and efficiency. Taking on too many profit centers can stretch you thin and leave you with mediocre results. In the early years concentrate on excellence in one or two areas — then expand.
- Invest in post-harvest care. It is a shame to spend all that time and money on producing high-quality products that you mishandle. At the end of the day post-harvest washing, packing, and storing will impact the quality and flavor every bit as much as the careful selection of seed and your production practices.
- Limit your market channels. It sounds counter-intuitive but in exactly the same way that over-diversifying your product line can lead to chaos, over-extending your market reach can yield bad results. If you are focusing your startup on direct marketing then choose one or two channels that will compliment one another. For example, farmers’ markets and a CSA can work well together. Once you have some production experience you can always add markets and/or leave some markets behind. Concentrate your efforts on learning your costs of production so you
- Listen to your customers. The hardest thing for any business owner is to hear negative feedback. I often hear farmers talking about customers’ “unreasonable” demands and lack of knowledge. Ok, some customers are clueless jerks. But, here’s the thing…the customers you have close relations with are sort of like family…they are not going to want to tell you the bad stuff. It’s the difficult customers you might hear the truth from, even if the way they deliver that truth is mean-spirited. So, even though it is hard, listen to the negative feedback and mine it for the tidbits that you can use to improve. Maybe those beans were a little past their prime. Those last steaks were really tough. And that lettuce…it was gritty and buggy.
- Have a mechanization plan. Even though you may not have the resources to buy every piece of equipment that you need, that should not stop you from having a plan in place. Keep a list of the equipment you need and prioritize the list. What do you need first and what can wait a few years? Then start taking classes in how to maintain and repair equipment. Learning how doesn’t mean you have to do the work yourself–it means you will be better able to explain your needs to others and gauge the quality of their work.
The tricky part of farming is that you can do everything right and still not end up where you hoped to be. And that is why you need to plan carefully, proceed with caution and love what you do.
By now, you have probably heard of Avian Influenza (AI) and its devastating effect on the poultry industry in Midwestern states earlier this year. State agriculture officials are preparing for an outbreak this fall or spring in Vermont. Read this week’s guest post from UVM Extension Livestock Specialist Joe Emenheiser to learn about avian influenza and precautions poultry owners — large and small — can take to minimize its impact here.
How does the avian influenza virus work?
- Domestic poultry are considered susceptible to a Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) virus which is carried by wild waterfowl. Backyard flocks are just as susceptible, if not more so, than commercial operations.
- The wild birds are not clinically affected, but the virus is deadly in domestic birds that come in contact with contaminated manure, feather dander, dust particles, water, etc.
- To date, over 10% of the nation’s egg layer population has been lost to HPAI. Presently, there is no human health risk, although viruses constantly mutate and this is being closely watched.
- Wild waterfowl migrate along “flyways” after commingling in between migrations. Our concern is that birds which brought the virus to the Pacific, Central and Mississippi flyways earlier this year have been commingling with birds that are headed south along the Atlantic flyway and will be returning north in the spring.
October 2015. One of the strategies new farmers often use to learn their craft is to observe and talk with other farmers that appear to be having success in similar operations. In fact, farmer-to-farmer learning has a very high preference score in nearly every aspect of farmer training.
In this research project, we are using the same principle to identify labor management practices. By interviewing experienced farmers who also appear to be effective labor managers we are learning about the process of recruiting, hiring, training and retaining the right employees.
Throughout the summer and fall our research team has been conducting interviews with farmers in Vermont, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. As we collect their stories about what works and what doesn’t we’ll be looking for themes to emerge and building our next research phase from these findings.
In the meantime, no reason not to share a few of the pearls that have emerged from these interviews. So, a few keys to successful farm labor management from the experts in the field: Continue reading
Quackgrass shoots and rhizomes. Silver dot is a quarter for size reference.
Quackgrass, Elymus repens (L.) Gould, is a major problem in cropping systems across the United States and Canada. It is a persistent, perennial, cool-season weedy grass that has the unique ability to hide below the surface and suddenly invade an area. When you least expect it, quackgrass can shoot its leaf blades, spreading its durable rhizomes into a thick mat.
Once quackgrass invades, you will have no choice but to address it. According Penn State Extension Dwight Lingenfelter and William Curran, authors of the bulletin Quackgrass Management, an Integrated Approach, “This competitive perennial grass can reduce crop yields up to 95 percent.” And… “Once introduced into a field, quackgrass is nearly impossible to eradicate.”
First and foremost advice for anyone assessing, preparing or managing land for a cropping enterprise: Know quackgrass. And don’t get discouraged, because you can overcome it. Read on for recommended land preparation and management practices. Continue reading
High tunnel, photo courtesy of USDA-NRCS, NY
It’s a busy time of year. But now, at the beginning of June, with a couple of really wet days, you might be having just a bit of a breather. Here are a couple of interesting resources online that you may not be aware of.
- Vern Grubinger, UVM Extension, compiles ‘Reports from the Field.’ This appears in each issue of the VT Agency of Ag’s “Agriview.” Growers send in comments from Vermont and now from around New England. Topics include: winter kill, insects, frost damage, what varieties are performing well and poorly, and other observations. On Vern’s website, he also has a listing of Selected Newsletter for Vegetable and Berry Producers.
- USDA’s National Ag Statistics Service has Crop Weather Reports from around New England. While quite a few of the reports focus on forages and pasture, there are veg and berry reports. These are compiled every Monday morning through the growing season, and appear late on Monday or on Tuesday. You can ask for the report to be sent to you as a pdf file. The report includes temperature ranges, rainfall, and unusual situations and observations.
- Speaking of National Ag Stats in New England, their New England Fruits and Veg Report for 2014 includes acreage, yield and price information by state.
Hope you find something here useful, and that 2015 is a great growing year for you and your farm.